Name: Mansukhbhai Laljibhai Suvagiya,
Birth Place: Village Khadpipli, Taluka Mendarda, District Rajkot
Education XII std
Birth Date 1st June 1962
Address: C/O Flotech Engineering Pvt. Ltd., Opp Kaneria Oil Mill, Shapar Road, District Rajkot
Born in an ordinary Farmers Family, Mansukhbhai Suvagiya spent his initial years in the village. He has given India three new foundational programs that have build Gujarat and India.
- Check dam- lake scheme
- A Gir breed cow in our backyard national scheme.
- Agriculture using by products of the cow.
Check Dam- lake program
Gujarat faced a terrible draught from the years 1985 to 1998 and the state had to bear with the worst water problem. The underground water level went deep and almost emptied. Villages faced a severe problem sustaining agriculture, cattle. The overall life in the villages and the environment was disrupted. For mere existence village folks migrated to urban areas. In 1998, a thought occurred to Mansukhbhai Suvagiya, that each village should have five to fifty check dams built on streams and dig lakes on the outskirts. During those days there were no government schemes and rather than getting depressed Mansukhbhai worked out a five point program based on his own intuition.
- Village bodies: For creating an awareness about water harvesting and creating water reserves, Mansukhbhai held public meetings to make Village bodies.
- Selection of appropriate places for check dams and lakes: Selecting such places that would maximize water capacity and lower cost of making dams and lakes. Mansukhbhai selected more than 2000 places in about 500 villages.
- Check dam designs : During those days government check dams schemes were from 2 to 10 lakhs, and making 5 to 50 check dams per village was unaffordable. Banking on his intuition Mansukhbhai created a new design from RCC, which proved sustainable even after a decade.
- Community Fund : Mansukhbhai held community gatherings and initiated this fund by putting a substantial amount as starting fund. This motivated farmers, pheasants, cattle breeders, teachers and even workers to gave their share in the village community fund.
- Self Help: The program was aimed at decreasing cost in making check dams and lakes, and improving the quality of work, by providing physical self help. Mansukhbhai himself went out 30 villages and himself worked on the dam sites digging from a day to even 90 days, in spare time at night. This motivated people of Saurashtra and in the forthcoming 5 years, 10 lakh man days were spent in water harvesting through check dams and village lakes.
At Jamka, a model village in District Junagadh, its people created history by spending twenty thousand man days through self help to build 51 check dams and 2 large lakes. Without governmental assistance, and in a marginal amount of only 10 lakhs, Jamka was the first such village in the world to eradicate water shortage.
Mansukhbhai replicated this in many villages including Mota Kotda, Chanaka, Vichhavad, Nana Kotda, KhaMansukhbhaihaliya, shirvania in Junagadh district and Rafala, Babra, Mota Devalia, Nani Sanathli, Mota Bhandaria, Khijadia (khari), Khadkhad in Amreli District and Rajpara in Bhavanagar District, Songadh, Chadrelia in Surendranagar District and Pransala, Vadekhan, Dhank, Mervadar in Rajkot District and Moti Nagjar in Jamnagar District.
Check dam and village lake program turned into a water Revolution :
To create awareness a Water Revolution Day was celeberated in JamkaVillage on 20 NoveMansukhbhaier 1999. A mammoth 50000 people gathered at this Nations first and largest Public Gathering to revolutionise water conservation effort.
Mansukhbhai motivated the people to take an oath to eradicate water scarcity and conserve water in their villages. The Chief Minister along with the cabinet of ministers attended this Historical event. Motivated by the Jamka scheme, Gujarat Government initiated the Shri Sardar Patel Cooperative Water sharing scheme. In this gathering , saints, scientists and the people at large titled Jamka as the birth place for National Water Revolution and recognised Mansukhbhai as the founder of this Water Revolution. The people, state government and several NGOs joined this movement.
Result : Underground water table was found to be between 300 to 700 feet in Saurashtra, and after this program, drinking water struck between 40 to 80 feet. Dried rivulets came back to life after many years. Wherever check dam schemes were implemented there was an increase of 40 to 100% in irrigation. Agricultural produce, Rural employment and fodder production has doubled. Electricity consumption, earlier used for irrigation through ground water, has decreased by 50%.
According to this program, Mansukhbhai has made more than 3000 check dam lakes in about 300 villages and has recharged ground water by manoeuvring rivulets to fill 3000 abandoned mines in more than 10 villages.
Model well recharging scheme : In Village Khijadia (khari), District Amreli, a novel scheme was implemented where a river carrying lot of silt was desilted and 35 wells were recharged.
Recharging abandoned mines: In Songadh, a village in District Surendranagar, surface water was altered and 3000 abandoned mines were filled to create a 30 lakh cubic meter of water reservoir, completely eliminating water scarcity in the region.
Check dam design: Mansukhbhai worked on five alternative designs of RCC check dams in village Pransla Vadekhan in district Rajkot and in just 9.0 lakhs created a dam reservoir storing 10 lakh liters.
Through Village bodies, Selection of appropriate places for check dams and lakes, Check dam designs, Community Fund, Self Help schemes Mansukhbhai S created the most economical, simple and eco friendly design, which have been recognised as a sustainable solution to water problems in the third world.
Gir breed cow in our backyard national scheme
While touring the villages for the check dam scheme, Mansukhbhai found that cows were ill treated, cow population was decreasing sharply and that nuMansukhbhaier of orphaned cows was increasing. He found that villages were not even consuming 50 grams of cow ghee per head, per month. In entire village one could not get a kilo of cow ghee. These figures shocked him, and he conducted a survey of a 1000 villages in Gujarat to find that only about 5000 cows remained from about 10 lakh cows pre independence. To save cows from extinction from villages, Mansukhbhai created another scheme called Gir breed cow in our backyard national scheme.
- Gir breed cow in our backyard scheme was aimed at having at least one cow in the backyard.
- Creating a savardhan mandir, a bull care centre for naturally breeding pedigree cows.
- Creating a life cycle around cows, from adolescence to old age, people took oath to use only cow products for healthy lifestyle.
- Using Cow dung and urine to establish organic farming.
- Saving the cow from repeated draughts, by creating fodder banks.
- Help prohibit use of impure cow milk and ghee, by considering gauraksha as our moral duty.
- Avoid genetic alteration and cross breeding in cows, considering cow as gift of nature.
- Making villages free of nomadic bulls. Removing breed less nomadic bulls from the village or towns.
- Securing Grasslands: The village grasslands are indivisible part of ecological balance, as an important fresh and natural fodder bank, and for general human wellness.
- Village Cow literacy centre: Motivating people to establish such a centre in every village, for breeding, protecting cows, cow worship, grassland secure, through village committee.
Gir cow literacy mission: To understand the importance of Gir cow and staging demonstrations, Mansukhbhai organised 10 such literacy tours and addressed 30 gatherings.
In the last decade Mansukhbhai toured 2000 villages to explain this scheme, where people accepted this scheme and joined the save the Gir cow breed mission.
Model Villages: Village Jamka was declared the first model village. Samadhiyala, Monvel, Hemal, Katar, vad (dt Amreli) Jalsika, Bedi, samadhiyala dt Rajkot, Songadh, Zinzuda dt Surendranagar, Krushnanagar, Siddhpur, Pithadiya dt Jamnagar were later added as Model villages for Gir cows.
Establishing 10 Lakh Gir Cows Mission: Mansukhbhai moved around in the corners of the country to tell the people about his mission to establish 10 lakh gir cows, and took people of 500 villages for a 35 kilometre tour on foot around the Girnar where the village people joined the establishing 10 Lakh Gir Cows mission.
Gir cow encyclopaedia: To create literacy on causes of extinction of Gir cows, its usefulness, establishing 10 Lakh Gir Cows Mission, India’s different breeds of cows and the cultural importance of cows, Mansukhbhai made a deep study and gave the country this invaluable gift of the Gir cow encyclopaedia.
National Propaganda: Mansukhbhai toured Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttaranchal, UP, Andhra Pradesh, Chhatisgadh and gave the messge of the importance of conservation of water and cows and motivated thousands to join this national mission.
Result; The awareness about the importance of cows raised the price of milk from a mere Rs 10 a litre to Rs 25 to 40 a litre, cow butter from Rs 125 a kilo to 500 to 600, when there was market value of Gir cows to 25000 to 60000 a cow. This mission to conserve the Gir cow spread to 5000 villages in 12 states of India.
Kankrej Cows project: Mansukhbhai took up the project to conserve the Kankrej cow found in north Gujarat, which gives pedigree bulls for breeding. Thousands of people from this region were motivated and here too there was a sharp rise in cow products.
Awareness tour for water conservation and cultural importance of cow: To establish to importance of water and cows in the hearts of people Mansukhbhai toured for 255 days in 22 districts of Gujarat, and 555 villages of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh. This created a nation wide awareness of the importance water and the cow.
Cow based agriculture
Mb observed that the fertility of land was destroyed with the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides. Land, water and even Air were polluted. The health of Man and domestic animals were at severe risks. Vultures, crows, Weaver Birds and Black Drongos, amongst other species were facing extinction. Using Cow dung, urine and buttermilk produced from cow milk along with fertilisers produced from agricultural waste and disease controlling plant species for Cow based Agriculture, Mansukhbhai performed successful field experiments in villages Jamka, Dholra, Siddhpur, Shishak, Monvel to name a few, on ground nuts, cotton, wheat, bajri, linseed, garlic, sugarcane, carrots, onion, vegetables, mango with notable increase in quality and production. This had unprecedented effect on Agriculture.
- A reduction of 20% in agriculture cost.
- Reduction upto 20 to 25% in irrigation water.
- Agro production incresead between 20 to 100 % in cases.
- Grains, vegetables and fruits became tastier and healthier and sustainable.
- The land which was polluted by chemicals regained its fertility. Mb believes that this type of Agriculture is the ideal solution to protecting food contamination, life security, protects the environment land is an appropriate, indigenous and sustainable agricultural solution to conserve the quality of water and air.
Nature conservation: Based on this new technique of seed fertility, over 1 lakh trees were raised in villages Pransla, Dhank, Vadekhan, Krushnanagar, Bhekhadia.
Cultural Conservation: the tribal village Bhekhadia, taluka Kavant, dt Vadodara is being worked upon to make a model village for 100% water conservation, Gir cow adoption, Cow based agriculture, vices free, tree plantation, vegetarian and National Devotion.
Mansukhbhai Suvagiya spent 12 years of his youth in these implementation of these programs in Gujarat and in 2000 villages of the country and held more than 2500 village gatherings and meetings, literacy mission tours, travelling on foot at times. Having worked solo for five years, he has now founded an NGO named Jalkranti trust which is active since last five years.
Mansukhbhai has struck the hearts of people of our nation and provided a predominantly agro based economy a boost through a novel revolution by his efforts in creating check dam lake scheme, Gir cow in our backyard scheme, Gir cow revolution, and cow based agriculture. By a naturally gifted instinct, self dedication and hard work Mansukhbhai Suvagiya is an idol for India and the world.
To establish 10 lakh Gir cows and 10 lakh Kankrej cows.
- Nation wide mission to conserve water.
- Implementation of Cow based agriculture in our country.
- Plantation and conservation of indigenous plants and trees.
- Creating a nation of people full of life and free of vices.